Mister Richardson's
Bible Doctrine Class

Chapter 2: Authority and Inerrancy of the Bible

All scripture is inspired by God and profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction, and for training in righteousness. - 2 Timothy 3:16

A. All the words in Scripture are God's words.

  1. This is what the Bible claims for itself.
  2. We are convinced of the Bible's claims to be God's words as we read the Bible - John 10:27.
  3. Other evidence is useful but not finally convincing.
  4. The words of Scripture are self-attesting.
  5. Objection: This is a circular argument.
  6. This does not imply dictation from God as the sole means of communication - Luke 1:1-3; John 14:26; Heb 1:1.
  7. Therefore, to disbelieve or disobey any word of Scripture is to disbelieve or disobey God - Luke 24:25; 2 Thess 3:14.

B. The truthfulness of Scripture.

  1. God cannot lie or speak falsely - Titus 1:2; Heb 6:18.
  2. Therefore, all the words in Scripture are completely true and without error in any part - Psalms 12:6; Prov 30:5.
  3. God's words are the ultimate standard of truth - John 17:7.
  4. Might some new fact ever contradict the Bible?

C. The Inerrancy of Scripture

  1. The meaning of inerrancy.
  2. Some current challenges to inerrancy.
  3. Problems with denying inerrancy.

D. Written Scripture is our final authority.

Absolute authority, authority of Scripture, circular argument, dictation, faith & practice, God-breathed, inerrancy, infallibility, inspiration, neo-orthodoxy, Scripture, self-attesting, textual variant.

Apocrypha - list of ancient Hebrew writings not included in the Old Testament canon.
Canon - rule, ruler, model, standard: an authoritative list of books accepted as Holy Scripture.
Orthodox - conforming to established doctrine.
Heterodox - contrary to, or differing from, an acknowledged standard.

1. How would you prove that all the words in the Bible are God's words?
2. List and respond to three objections to the inerrancy of Scripture.
3. Name three problems that may result from a denial of biblical inerrancy.

1. Is there anything in the Bible that you do not believe? If yes, how can you know for sure the Bible is in error?
2. Is there anything in the Bible that you wish were not there? Explain.
3. Why are other sacred writings - the "Lost Books of the Bible", the Qur'an, the Book of Mormon - not thought of as inerrant by Christians?

Scripture Memory

The New Testament Documents: Are They Reliable? - F. F. Bruce
The Canon of Scripture - F. F. Bruce
Authority - Dr Martyn Lloyd-Jones
From the Mouth of God - Sinclair Ferguson
Canon Revisited - Michael Kruger
The Question of Canon - Michael Kruger
The Heresy of Orthodoxy - Andreas Kostenberger

Q2: What rule hath God given to direct us how we may glorify and enjoy Him?
A2: The Word of God, which is contained in the Scriptures of the Old and New Testaments, is the only rule to direct us how we may glorify and enjoy Him.