Mister Richardson's
Bible Doctrine Class


Chapter 14: The Person of Christ


"The Word became flesh and dwelt among us, full of grace and truth; we have beheld His glory, glory as of the only Son from the Father." - John 1:14.

A. The Humanity of Christ

  1. Virgin birth - Matthew 1:18-25; Luke 1:34-35.
  2. Human weakness and limitations:
  3. Sinlessness
  4. Could Jesus have sinned (impeccability)?
  5. Why was Jesus' full humanity necessary?

B. The Deity of Christ

  1. Direct scriptural claims:
  2. Evidence that Jesus possessed attributes of God:
  3. Did Jesus give up some of His divive attributes while on earth (kenosis)?
  4. Why was it necessary for Jesus to be God?

C. The Incarnation

  1. Inadequate views of the person of Christ:
  2. The Chalcedonian Definition (451) - Fully God & Man in one person.
  3. One nature does some things that the other nature does not do.
  4. Anything either nature does, the person of Christ does.
  5. Jesus was fully God and fully man in one person, and will be so forever.

REVIEW QUESTIONS
1. Give three evidences from Scripture for the humanity of Jesus Christ.
2. Give two reasons why it was necessary for Jesus to be fully human.
3. Name three ways in which the Bible explicitly states that Jesus is God.
4. Why was Jesus' deity necessary?
5. In what ways were Arianism, Apollinarianism, Nestorianism, and Monophysitism erroneous in their view of Christ?
6. How did the Chalcedonian Definition contribute to a proper understanding of the person of Christ?

TERMS
Apollonarianism, Arianism, Chalcedonian Definition, docetism, Eutychianism, God, impeccability, incarnation, kenosis theory, Lord, monophysitism, Nestorianism, Son of God, Son of Man, virgin birth.

CATECHISM
Q20: Did God leave all mankind to perish in the estate of sin and misery?
A20: God having, out of his mere good pleasure, from all eternity, elected some to everlasting life,1 did enter into a covenant of grace, to deliver them out of the estate of sin and misery, and to bring them into an estate of salvation by a Redeemer.

Q21: Who is the Redeemer of God's elect?
A21: The only Redeemer of God's elect is the Lord Jesus Christ, who, being the eternal Son of God, became man, and so was, and continueth to be, God and man in two distinct natures, and one person, for ever.

Q22: How did Christ, being the Son of God, become man?
A22: Christ, the Son of God, became man, by taking to himself a true body, and a reasonable soul, being conceived by the power of the Holy Ghost, in the womb of the Virgin Mary, and born of her yet without sin.

LINKS
The Nicene Creed - Wikipedia
The Nicene Creed - Spurgeon.org
How Can Jesus be God and Man? - John Piper
Docetism - Catholic Encyclopedia
Apollinarianism - Gervase Charmley
Arianism - Gervase Charmley
Gnosticism - Gervase Charmley

 


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