Bible Doctrine Class
Chapter 16: Resurrection and Ascension
But now Christ is risen from the dead, and has become the firstfruits of those who have fallen asleep. For since by man came death, by Man also came the resurrection of the dead. For as in Adam all die, even so in Christ all shall be made alive. But each one in his own order: Christ the firstfruits, afterward those who are Christís at His coming. - 1 Corinthians 15:20-23
- New Testament - Matt 28:1-10; Mark 16:1-8; Luke 24:1-53; John 20:1-21:25.
- The Nature of Christ's Resurrection:
Both Father and Son participated.
- Not resuscitation - Lazarus (John 11:1-44).
- A renewed body that does not die again.
- Analogy of seeds - 1 Cor 15:42-44.
- Christ is the first person to be resurrected - 1 Cor 15:20.
- It is physical, not immaterial - Matt 28:9; Luke 24:30,39; John 20:15, 27.
- It is the beginning of God's renewal of a fallen world - Romans 8:22-23.
- God the Father raised Jesus - Acts 2:24; Romans 6:4; 1 Cor 6:14; Gal 1:1; Eph 1:20.
- Jesus raised Himself - John 10:17-18; 11:25; Heb 7:6.
Ethical significance of the resurrection:
- Christ's resurrection insures our resurrection - 1 Pet 1:3; Eph 1:19-20, 2:5-6; Phil 3:10.
- Christ's resurrection insures our justification - Rom 4:25; Phil 2:8-9.
- Christ's resurrection insures that we will also receive resurrected bodies -
1 Cor 15:12-58; 2 Cor 4:14.
- Your labor in not in vain - 1 Cor 15:58.
- Motivation for living - Col 3:1-4.
- Stop yielding to sin - Rom 6:11-13.
B. Historicity of Jesus' Resurrection
- Testimony of Scripture - Eyewitnesses:
Attacks on the Resurrection of Jesus:
- The Disciples and the Gospels (see A.1 above) - 1 John 1-3.
- Paul - Acts 9:1-8; 1 Cor 15:8.
- Others - 1 Cor 15:6.
- Stolen body theory - Matt 28:12-15.
- Swoon theory - Jesus only seemed dead (The Passover Plot, The Jesus Scroll).
- Islamic view - Someone who looked exactly like Jesus died, but not the real Jesus, who ascended into heaven.
- Myth - The resurrection was symbolic or just spiritual. It was the result of the disciples wanting to see Christ.
"The resurrection itself in not an event of past history. All that historical criticism can establish is the fact that the first disciples came to believe in the resurrection." - Rudolf Bultmann.
C. Ascension into Heaven
- Christ ascended to a place - Luke 24:50-51; Acts 1:9-11.
- Christ received glory and honor - John 17:5; Acts 2:33; Phil 2:9; Rev 5:12.
- Christ is seated at God's right hand (Christ's session) - Psa 110:1; Acts 7:56; Eph 1:20-21; Heb 1:3, 12:1-2; 1 Pet 3:22.
- Doctrinal significance for our lives.
- We will also ascend - John 14:3; 1 Thess 4:17.
- We will share in Christ's authority - 1 Cor 6:3; Eph 2:6; Rev 2:26-27, 3:21.
1. What is the scriptural support for the idea that Jesus had a physical body after His resurrection?
2. Give three reasons for the importance of Christ's resurrection.
3. What does resurrection of Jesus mean for Christians who die?
4. Where did Christ go when He ascended? Is this a physical place? Where is He now?
5. What would it mean for Christians if Jesus was not resurrected?
Ascension, first fruits, incorruptible, raised in glory, raised in power, resurrection, resuscitation, session, spiritual body.
Q27: Wherein did Christ's humiliation consist?
A27: Christ's humiliation consisted in his being born, and that in a low condition, made under the law, undergoing the miseries of this life, the wrath of God, and the cursed death of the cross; in being buried, and continuing under the power of death for a time.
Q28: Wherein consisteth Christ's exaltation?
A28: Christ's exaltation consisteth in his rising again from the dead on the third day, in ascending up into heaven, in sitting at the right hand of God the Father, and in coming to judge the world at the last day.
The Resurrection of Jesus Christ: A Historical Fact - B. B. Warfield