Bible Doctrine Class
Chapter 18 - Election
The Order of Salvation
- Election (God's choice of people to be saved)
- The Gospel Call
- Regeneration (to be born again)
- Conversion (faith and repentance)
What is Election? An act of God before creation in which He chose some people to be saved, not on account of any forseen merit in them, but only because of His sovereign good pleasure.
A. Predestination in the New Testament
- Acts 13:48 - as many were ordained to eternal life believed.
- Romans 8:28-30 - those whom He foreknew He also predestined.
- Romans 9:11-13 - that the purpose of God according to election might stand.
- Ephesians 1:4-6,12 - He chose us in Him before the foundation of the world.
- 1 Thessalonians 1:4-5 - He has chosen you.
- 2 Thessalonians 2:13 - God chose you from the beginning to be saved.
- Revelation 13:7-8, 17:8 - everyone whose name has not been written before the foundation of the world in the book of life.
B. How is Election taught?
- As a comfort to Christians.
- Our salvation is secure in Christ - Romans 8:31.
- Christ intercedes for Christians, not the world - John 17:9.
- As a reason to praise God - Eph 1:12; 1 Thess 1:12; 2 Thess 2:13.
- As an encouragement to evangelism - 2 Tim 2:10.
C. Misunderstandings of Election
- Election is not fatalistic or mechanistic - Election is personal and addressed to people as real people - Matt 11:28; Rev 22:17; John 3:18. The gospel is preached so that the elect might be saved.
- Election is not based on foreknowledge of faith - see Romans 8:29,30.
- Foreknowledge of persons - 1 Cor 8:3; Gal 4:9.
- Scripture never speaks of our faith as the reason God chose us - Rom 9:11-13;11:5-6, John 1:13.
- Election based on something good in us would be salvation by merit.
- Predestination based on foreknowledge still does not give people "free choice".
- Therefore, election is unconditional.
D. Objections to Election
- We do not have a choice/chance - John 5:40; Rom 1:20.
- Election is unfair - Salvation is a gift, not a right.
- God wills to save everyone - 1 Tim 2:4 - "all men" means "all types or kinds of men." "In the Reformed view, God's highest value is His own glory, while in the Arminian system, His highest value is human free will."
- Reprobation - The sovereign decision of God before creation to pass over some persons, in sorrow deciding not to save them, and to punish them for their sins, and thereby to manifest His justice. - Jude 4; 1 Peter 2:8.
1. Give three evidences from the New Testament in support of the doctrine of Election.
2. Give three ways in which the New Testament views doctrine election.
3. Is God's election of people based on His foreknowledge of their faith? Explain.
4. What is the relationship between God's election and a person's choice to accept Christ?
5. What does God apparently deem more important than saving everyone?
6. What is the difference between election and reprobation?
Determinism, election, fatalism, foreknowledge, order of salvation, predestination, reprobation.
Q7. What are the decrees of God?
A7. The decrees of God are, his eternal purpose, according to the counsel of his will, whereby, for his own glory, he hath foreordained whatsoever comes to pass.
Q20: Did God leave all mankind to perish in the estate of sin and misery?
A20: God having, out of his mere good pleasure, from all eternity, elected some to everlasting life, did enter into a covenant of grace, to deliver them out of the estate of sin and misery, and to bring them into an estate of salvation by a Redeemer.
Misunderstandings of Election - Wayne Grudem
The Sovereignty of God - John Murray
Book Review: Evangelism and the Sovereignty of God - Banner of Truth
Evangelism and the Sovereignty of God - J I Packer
Chosen by God - R C Sproul
Calvin on Predestination and Election ebook